Music Therapy CD Creation for Initial Pediatric Radiation Therapy: A Mixed Methods Analysis
AuthorBarry, P; O'Callaghan, C; Wheeler, G; Grocke, D
Source TitleJOURNAL OF MUSIC THERAPY
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS INC
AffiliationMedicine - St Vincent's Hospital
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsBarry, P., O'Callaghan, C., Wheeler, G. & Grocke, D. (2010). Music Therapy CD Creation for Initial Pediatric Radiation Therapy: A Mixed Methods Analysis. JOURNAL OF MUSIC THERAPY, 47 (3), pp.233-263. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmt/47.3.233.
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A mixed methods research design was used to investigate the effects of a music therapy CD (MTCD) creation intervention on pediatric oncology patients' distress and coping during their first radiation therapy treatment. The music therapy method involved children creating a music CD using interactive computer-based music software, which was "remixed" by the music therapist-researcher to extend the musical material. Eleven pediatric radiation therapy outpatients aged 6 to 13 years were randomly assigned to either an experimental group, in which they could create a music CD prior to their initial treatment to listen to during radiation therapy, or to a standard care group. Quantitative and qualitative analyses generated multiple perceptions from the pediatric patients, parents, radiation therapy staff, and music therapist-researcher. Ratings of distress during initial radiation therapy treatment were low for all children. The comparison between the two groups found that 67% of the children in the standard care group used social withdrawal as a coping strategy, compared to 0% of the children in the music therapy group; this trend approached significance (p = 0.076). MTCD creation was a fun, engaging, and developmentally appropriate intervention for pediatric patients, which offered a positive experience and aided their use of effective coping strategies to meet the demands of their initial radiation therapy treatment.
KeywordsPerforming Arts and Creative Writing
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