School of Chemistry - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 915
Retaining and characterising nano-structure within tapered air-silica structured optical fibers
(OPTICAL SOC AMER, 2003-01-27)
Air-silica fiber 125m in diameter has been tapered down to ~15m. At this diameter, it is commonly assumed that the nanostructured fiber holes have collapsed. Using an Atomic Force Microscope, we show this assumption to be in error, and demonstrate for the first time that structures several hundred nanometers in diameter are present, and that hole array structures are maintained. The use of Atomic Force Microscopy is shown to be an efficient way of characterising these structures.
Refractive-index profiling of optical fibers with axial symmetry by use of quantitative phase microscopy
(OPTICAL SOC AMER, 2002-12-01)
The application of quantitative phase microscopy to refractive-index profiling of optical fibers is demonstrated. Phase images of axially symmetric optical fibers immersed in index-matching fluid are obtained, and the inverse Abel transform is used to obtain the radial refractive-index profile. This technique is straightforward, nondestructive, repeatable, and accurate. Excellent agreement, to within approximately 0.0005, between this method and the index profile obtained with a commercial profiler is obtained.
Gas phase ion chemistry of biomolecules. part 51 - Tuning the gas phase redox properties of copper(II) ternary complexes of terpyridines to control the formation of nucleobase radical cations
(ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, 2006-01-01)
Electrospray ionization (ESI) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) of ternary copper(II) complexes of [Cu(terpyX)(M)]2+ (where terpyX = is a substituted 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine ligand; M = the nucleobases: adenine, guanine, thymine and cytosine) was examined as a means of forming radical cations of nucleobases in the gas phase. The following substituents were examined: 4'-NMe2-2,2':6',6''-terpyridine; 4'-OH-2,2':6',6''-terpyridine; 4'-F-2,2':6',6''-terpyridine; 2,2':6',6''-terpyridine; 4'-Cl-2,2':6',6''-terpyridine; 4'-Br-2,2':6',6''-terpyridine; 4'-CO2H-2,2':6',6''-terpyridine; 4'-NO2-2,2':6',6''-terpyridine and 6,6''-dibromo-2',2:6',2''-terpyridine. Each of the ternary complexes [Cu(terpyX)(M)]2+ was mass selected and subjected to collision induced dissociation (CID) in a quadrupole ion trap. The types of fragmentation reactions observed for these complexes depend on the nature of the substituent on the terpyridine ligand, while the yields of the radical cations of the nucleobases follow the order of their ionization energies (IEs): G (lowest IE) > A > C > T (highest IE). In general, radical cation formation is favoured for electron withdrawing substituents (e.g. NO2) while loss of the neutral nucleobase is favoured for electron donating substituents (e.g. NMe2). Loss of the protonated nucleobase is a major fragmentation pathway for the OH substituted terpyridine system, consistent with its ability to bind to a metal centre as a deprotonated ligand. Crystal structure determinations of (6,6''-dibromo-2',2:6',2''-terpyridine)bis(nitrato)copper(II) and diaqua(4'-oxo-2,2':6',6''-terpyridine)copper(II) nitrate monohydrate were performed and correlated with the ESI results.
The galanin-3 receptor antagonist, SNAP 37889, reduces operant responding for ethanol in alcohol-preferring rats
(ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2011-01-17)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The galanin-3 receptor (GALR3) subtype has been identified as having a role in both feeding behaviour and the regulation of emotional states including anxiety. Despite the evidence for an association between galanin and alcohol, the current study is the first to explore the direct role of GALR3 in this context. The present study investigated the potential of the novel selective GALR3 antagonist, SNAP 37889, to reduce anxiety-like behaviour and voluntary ethanol consumption in the iP (alcohol-preferring) rat. This was achieved through a number of behavioural paradigms testing for anxiety, along with the operant self-administration model. RESULTS: Overall, male iP rats treated with SNAP 37889 at a dose of 30 mg/kg (i.p.) did not show altered locomotor activity or changes in anxiety-like behaviour in the elevated plus maze or light-dark paradigms. Treatment with SNAP 37889 (30 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced operant responding for solutions containing ethanol, sucrose and saccharin. Collectively, results from the current study showed that SNAP 37889 (30 mg/kg, i.p.) is effective in reducing operant responding for ethanol, independent of a sedative effect. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence that GALR3 antagonism reduces alcohol consumption and further suggest that GALR3 may be implicated in the rewarding effects of natural and drug reinforcers.