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dc.contributor.authorMead, LJ
dc.contributor.authorJenkins, MA
dc.contributor.authorYoung, J
dc.contributor.authorRoyce, SG
dc.contributor.authorSmith, L
dc.contributor.authorJohn, DJBS
dc.contributor.authorMacrae, F
dc.contributor.authorGiles, GG
dc.contributor.authorHopper, JL
dc.contributor.authorSouthey, MC
dc.identifierpii: 13/10/2865
dc.identifier.citationMead, L. J., Jenkins, M. A., Young, J., Royce, S. G., Smith, L., John, D. J. B. S., Macrae, F., Giles, G. G., Hopper, J. L. & Southey, M. C. (2007). Microsatellite instability markers for identifying early-onset colorectal cancers caused by germ-line mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 13 (10), pp.2865-2869.
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: Microsatellite instability (MSI) testing of colorectal cancer tumors is used as a screening tool to identify patients most likely to be mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutation carriers. We wanted to examine which microsatellite markers currently used to detect MSI best predict early-onset colorectal cancer caused by germ-line mutations in MMR genes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Invasive primary tumors from a population-based sample of 107 cases of colorectal cancer diagnosed before age 45 years and tested for germ-line mutations in MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2 and MMR protein expression were screened for MSI using the National Cancer Institute panel and an expanded 10-microsatellite marker panel. RESULTS: The National Cancer Institute five-marker panel system scored 31 (29%) as (NCI)MSI-High, 13 (12%) as (NCI)MSI-Low, and 63 (59%) as (NCI)MS-Stable. The 10-marker panel classified 18 (17%) as (10)MSI-High, 17 (16%) as (10)MSI-Low, and 72 (67%) as (10)MS-Stable. Of the 26 cancers that lacked the expression of at least one MMR gene, 24 (92%) were positive for some level of MSI (using either microsatellite panel). The mononucleotide repeats Bat26, Bat40, and Myb were unstable in all (10)MSI-High cancers and all MLH1 and MSH2 mutation carriers (100% sensitive). Bat40 and Bat25 were unstable in all tumors of MSH6 mutation carriers (100% sensitive). Bat40 was unstable in all MMR gene mutation carriers (100% sensitive). By incorporating seven mononucleotide repeats markers into the 10-marker panel, we were able to distinguish the carriers of MSH6 mutations (all scored (10)MSI-Low) from the MLH1 and MSH2 mutation carriers (all scored (10)MSI-High). CONCLUSIONS: In early-onset colorectal cancer, a microsatellite panel containing a high proportion of mononuclear repeats can distinguish between tumors caused by MLH1 and MSH2 mutations from those caused by MSH6 mutations.
dc.subjectSocial Work
dc.titleMicrosatellite instability markers for identifying early-onset colorectal cancers caused by germ-line mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes
dc.typeJournal Article
melbourne.peerreviewPeer Reviewed
melbourne.affiliationThe University of Melbourne
melbourne.affiliation.departmentPopulation Health
melbourne.source.titleCLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
melbourne.contributor.authorJenkins, Mark
melbourne.contributor.authorRoyce, Simon
melbourne.contributor.authorSt John, Donald
melbourne.contributor.authorMacrae, Finlay
melbourne.contributor.authorSouthey, Melissa
melbourne.contributor.authorHopper, John
melbourne.contributor.authorMEAD, LEEANNE
melbourne.contributor.authorSMITH, LETITIA
melbourne.contributor.authorGiles, Graham
melbourne.accessrightsThis item is currently not available from this repository

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