From prefixes to suffixes: Typological change in Northern Australia
AuthorHarvey, M; Green, I; Nordlinger, R
Source TitleDiachronica International Journal for Historical Linguistics. Founded by E.F.K. Koerner, General Editor, 1984–2001
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
University of Melbourne Author/sNordlinger, Rachel
AffiliationLanguages and Linguistics
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHarvey, M., Green, I. & Nordlinger, R. (2006). From prefixes to suffixes: Typological change in Northern Australia. Diachronica International Journal for Historical Linguistics. Founded by E.F.K. Koerner, General Editor, 1984–2001, 23 (2), pp.289-311. https://doi.org/10.1075/dia.23.2.04har.
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<jats:p>This article provides a counterexample to the commonly held, if unexamined, proposition that morphemes reconstructed as affixes do not change their position with respect to the root. We do not expect to find that a proto-prefix has suffix reflexes, nor that a proto-suffix has prefix reflexes. In this paper we show, through detailed reconstruction, that paradigms of class/case suffixes in a number of Northern Australian languages derive historically from a paradigm of proto-prefixes, through the encliticization and reduction of prefixed demonstratives to nominals. This process has only left a few traces of the demonstrative stems in the synchronic forms.</jats:p>
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