Beastly: What Makes Animal Metaphors Offensive?
AuthorHaslam, N; Loughnan, S; Sun, P
Source TitleJournal of Language and Social Psychology
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
AffiliationPsychological Sciences Academic Centre
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHaslam, N., Loughnan, S. & Sun, P. (2011). Beastly: What Makes Animal Metaphors Offensive?. JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 30 (3), pp.311-325. https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X11407168.
Access StatusThis item is currently not available from this repository
C1 - Journal Articles Refereed
Animal metaphors convey a wide range of meanings, from insulting slurs to expressions of love. Two studies examined factors contributing to the offensiveness of these metaphors. Study 1 examined 40 common metaphors, finding that their meanings were diverse but centered on depravity, disagreeableness, and stupidity. Their offensiveness was predicted by the revulsion felt toward the animal and by the dehumanizing view of the target that it implied. Study 2 examined contextual factors in metaphor use, finding that the offensiveness of animal metaphors varies with the tone of their expression and the gender and in-group/out-group status of their targets. These variations influence offensiveness by altering the extent to which the target is ascribed animalistic properties.
KeywordsSocial and Community Psychology; Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
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