Neurotrophic factors and neural prostheses: Potential clinical applications based upon findings in the auditory system
AuthorPettingill, LN; Richardson, RT; Wise, AK; O'Leary, SJ; Shepherd, RK
Source TitleIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
PublisherIEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
University of Melbourne Author/sRichardson, Rachael; Wise, Andrew; O'Leary, Stephen; Shepherd, Robert; Gillespie, Lisa
AffiliationAudiology and Speech Pathology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsPettingill, L. N., Richardson, R. T., Wise, A. K., O'Leary, S. J. & Shepherd, R. K. (2007). Neurotrophic factors and neural prostheses: Potential clinical applications based upon findings in the auditory system. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 54 (6), pp.1138-1148. https://doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2007.895375.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1886005
Spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) are the target cells of the cochlear implant, a neural prosthesis designed to provide important auditory cues to severely or profoundly deaf patients. The ongoing degeneration of SGNs that occurs following a sensorineural hearing loss is, therefore, considered a limiting factor in cochlear implant efficacy. We review neurobiological techniques aimed at preventing SGN degeneration using exogenous delivery of neurotrophic factors. Application of these proteins prevents SGN degeneration and can enhance neurite outgrowth. Furthermore, chronic electrical stimulation of SGNs increases neurotrophic factor-induced survival and is correlated with functional benefits. The application of neurotrophic factors has the potential to enhance the benefits that patients can derive from cochlear implants; moreover, these techniques may be relevant for use with neural prostheses in other neurological conditions.
KeywordsArtificial Intelligence and Image Processing
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