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    A Chinese Australian family’s language use and attitudes
    Hu, B (John Benjamins Publishing, 2019-06-13)
    This paper presents a qualitative case study of a Chinese Australian family’s multilingual experiences in Melbourne. Couched in the framework of family language policy, I examine language shift patterns and mother tongue attitudes and analyse reasons and consequences. The findings show that the first generation uses Mandarin for general family communication, while relegating regional Chinese to functions that are, typically, private and familial and for use with older generations. The second generation uses English the most. While their Mandarin use is enhanced through community-based schooling and can be activated depending on the communicative environment, regional Chinese does not play an active role. This nested, hierarchical ecology of language shift with two dominant language constellations causes parental confusion about the children’s mother tongue and problematises grandparent-grandchild communication with a possible decrease of family intimacy.
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    Geography through the lens of intercultural learning: The changing nature of Australia and its impact on pedagogy
    Hu, B ; Higgins, C (Geography Teachers Association of Victoria, 2022-12-01)
    We live in a connected world. For centuries our global connections were built through peoples’ movements and, more recently, by technology. In 2020, 281 million people lived outside their country of origin, and the average migrant stock in each country rose to 14 per cent from 9 per cent in 1990 (OECD, 2022). The combined acceleration of globalisation, technology and migration means that our global, national and local communities are more diverse than ever.