A three-dimensional synthesis inversion of the molecular hydrogen cycle: sources and sinks budget and implications for the soil uptake
AuthorBousquet, P.; Yver, C.; Pison, I.; Li, Y. S.; Fortems, A.; Hauglustaine, D.; Szopa, S.; Rayner, P. J.; Novelli, P.; Langenfelds, R.; ...
Source TitleJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
University of Melbourne Author/sRayner, Peter
AffiliationScience - Earth Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsBousquet, P., Yver, C., Pison, I., Li, Y. S., Fortems, A., Hauglustaine, D. et al. (2011). A three-dimensional synthesis inversion of the molecular hydrogen cycle: sources and sinks budget and implications for the soil uptake. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 116, doi:10.1029/2010JD014599.
Access StatusOpen Access
© 2011 American Geophysical Union
Our understanding of the global budget of atmospheric hydrogen (H2) contains large uncertainties. An atmospheric Bayesian inversion of H2 sources and sinks is presented for the period 1991-2004, based on a two networks of flask measurement stations. The types of fluxes and the spatial scales potentially resolvable by the inversion are first estimated from an analysis of the correlations of errors between the different processes and regions emitting or absorbing H2. Then, the estimated budget of H2 and its uncertainties is presented and discussed, for five groups of fluxes and three groups of large regions, in terms of mean fluxes, seasonal and interannual variations, and long-term trends. One main focus of the study is the improvement of the estimate of H2 soil uptake, which is the largest sink of H2. Various sensitivity tests are performed defining an ensemble of more than 20 inversions. We show that inferring a robust estimate of the H2 soil uptake requires to prescribe the prior magnitude of some other sources and sinks with a small uncertainty. Doing so an estimate of the H2 soil uptake of -62 ± 3 Tg y−1 is inferred for the period 1991-2004 (the uncertainty is the residual error after inversion). The inferred soil H2 sink presents a negative long-term trend that is qualitatively consistent with a bottom-up process-based model.
Keywordsatmospheric inversion; molecular hydrogen; sources and sinks; H2 budget; H2 soil uptake
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