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dc.contributor.authorTare, M
dc.contributor.authorParkington, HC
dc.contributor.authorBubb, KJ
dc.contributor.authorWlodek, ME
dc.date.available2014-05-22T07:10:45Z
dc.date.issued2012-08-01
dc.identifierpii: HYPERTENSIONAHA.112.190876
dc.identifier.citationTare, M., Parkington, H. C., Bubb, K. J. & Wlodek, M. E. (2012). Uteroplacental Insufficiency and Lactational Environment Separately Influence Arterial Stiffness and Vascular Function in Adult Male Rats. HYPERTENSION, 60 (2), pp.378-+. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.112.190876.
dc.identifier.issn0194-911X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/32824
dc.descriptionC1 - Journal Articles Refereed
dc.description.abstractEarly life environmental influences can have lifelong consequences for health, including the risk of cardiovascular disease. Uteroplacental insufficiency causes fetal undernutrition and impairs fetal growth. Previously we have shown that uteroplacental insufficiency is associated with impaired maternal mammary development, compromising postnatal growth leading to hypertension in male rat offspring. In this study we investigated the roles of prenatal and postnatal nutritional environments on endothelial and smooth muscle reactivity and passive wall stiffness of resistance arteries of male rat offspring. Fetal growth restriction was induced by maternal bilateral uterine vessel ligation (restricted) on day 18 of pregnancy. Control offspring were from mothers that had sham surgery (control) and another group from mothers with their litter size reduced (reduced; litter size reduced to 5 at birth, equivalent to the restricted group). On postnatal day 1, offspring (control, restricted, and reduced) were cross-fostered onto control or restricted mothers. At 6 months, mesenteric and femoral arteries were studied using wire and pressure myography. In restricted-on-restricted rats, wall stiffness was increased, and sensitivity to phenylephrine and relaxation evoked by endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor and sodium nitroprusside were impaired in mesenteric arteries. In femoral arteries, relaxation to sodium nitroprusside was reduced, whereas wall stiffness was unaltered. Cross-fostering restricted offspring onto control mothers alleviated deficits in vascular stiffness and reactivity. Control or reduced offspring who suckled a restricted mother had marked vascular stiffening. In conclusion, prenatal and early postnatal environments separately influence vascular function and stiffness. Furthermore, the early postnatal lactational environment is a determinant of later cardiovascular function.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherLIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
dc.subjectFoetal Development and Medicine; Reproductive System and Disorders
dc.titleUteroplacental Insufficiency and Lactational Environment Separately Influence Arterial Stiffness and Vascular Function in Adult Male Rats
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.112.190876
melbourne.peerreviewPeer Reviewed
melbourne.affiliationThe University of Melbourne
melbourne.affiliation.departmentPhysiology
melbourne.source.titleHYPERTENSION
melbourne.source.volume60
melbourne.source.issue2
melbourne.source.pages378-+
dc.research.codefor111401
dc.research.codeseo2008920114
melbourne.publicationid190081
melbourne.elementsid484122
melbourne.contributor.authorWlodek, Mary
dc.identifier.eissn1524-4563
melbourne.accessrightsThis item is currently not available from this repository


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