Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorVan Newkirk, Mylan R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWeih, LeAnn M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMcCarty, Catherine A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStanislavsky, Yury L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKeeffe, Jill E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Hugh R.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-22T09:09:32Z
dc.date.available2014-05-22T09:09:32Z
dc.date.issued2000en_US
dc.date.submitted2006-11-29en_US
dc.identifier.citationVan Newkirk, M. R., Weih, L. M., McCarty, C. A., Stanislavsky, Y. L., Keeffe, J. E. & Taylor, H. R. (2000). Visual impairment and eye diseases in elderly institutionalized Australians. Ophthalmology, 107(12), 2203-2208.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/33467
dc.descriptionPublisher’s permission requested and denied. [28-01-2010]en_US
dc.description.abstractObjective: To study the prevalence and distribution of visual impairment and eye diseases by age and gender in an urban institutionalized population. Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: Four hundred three residents of nursing homes and hostels. Methods: Fourteen nursing homes were randomly selected from 104 nursing homes and hostels located within a 5-km radius of each of nine clusters studied in the Visual Impairment Project (VIP) urban cohort. Participants completed a standardized orthoptic and dilated ophthalmic examination, including measurement of visual acuity and visual fields. The major cause of vision loss was identified for participants with visual impairment. Main outcome measures: Presenting visual acuity and ophthalmic diagnoses. Results: The participants’ mean age was 82 years (standard deviation, 9.24), with an age range of 46 years to 101 years. Women outnumbered men by 318 to 85. Seventy-one (22%) of 318 women had bilateral profound visual impairment (blindness), defined as best-corrected visual acuity <3/60 and/or visual field constriction <5° compared with 10 (12%) of 85 men. However, this difference is not significant when age-standardized. Age related macular degeneration was the principal diagnosis of vision loss in the better eye of 74 (44%) of the 167 participants with bilateral low vision (<6/18 and/or visual field constriction to <20° radius). The age-adjusted rate of blindness or profound visual impairment in the VIP institutional cohort of 5.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8, 8.6) was significantly greater than in the VIP urban and rural cohorts of 0.13% (95% CI, 0, 0.25) and 0.29% (95% CI, 0, 0,57), respectively. Conclusion: Underestimation of visual impairment may occur in residential population-based studies that exclude institutional or residential nursing homes and hostels for the aged citizens. Expanded methods are required for visual assessment in institutional populations.en_US
dc.formatapplication/pdfen_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.subjectCERAen_US
dc.subjectophthalmologyen_US
dc.subjectCentre for Eye Research Australiaen_US
dc.subjecteye researchen_US
dc.subjectvisionen_US
dc.subjectvisual healthen_US
dc.titleVisual impairment and eye diseases in elderly institutionalized Australiansen_US
dc.typeJournal (Paginated)en_US
melbourne.peerreviewPeer Revieweden_US
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMedicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences: Centre for Eye Research Australiaen_US
melbourne.affiliation.departmentSchool of Medicine: Ophthalmologyen_US
melbourne.publication.statusPublisheden_US
melbourne.source.titleOphthalmologyen_US
melbourne.source.volume107en_US
melbourne.source.issue12en_US
melbourne.source.pages2203-2208en_US
melbourne.elementsidNA
melbourne.contributor.authorTaylor, Hugh
melbourne.accessrightsThis item is currently not available from this repository


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record