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dc.contributor.authorWensor, Matthew D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMcCarty, Catherine A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStanislavsky, Yury L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLivingston, Patricia M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Hugh R.en_US
dc.identifier.citationWensor, M. D., McCarty, C. A., Stanislavsky, Y. L., Livingston, P. M. & Taylor, H. R. (1998). The prevalence of glaucoma in the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project. Ophthalmology, 105(4), 733-739.en_US
dc.descriptionPublisher’s permission requested and denied 20-10-2006.en_US
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of glaucoma in Melbourne, Australia. Methods: All subjects were participants in the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project (Melbourne VIP), a population based prevalence study of eye disease that included residential and nursing home populations. Each participant underwent a standardized eye examination, which included a Humphrey Visual Field test, applanation tonometry , fundus examination including fundal photographs, and a medical history interview. Glaucoma status was determined by a masked assessment and consensus adjudication of visual fields, optic disc photographs, intraocular pressure, and glaucoma history. Results: A total of 3271 persons (83% response rate) participated in the residential Melbourne VIP. The overall prevalence rate of definite primary open-angle glaucoma in the residential population was 1.7% (95% confidence limits = 1.21, 2.21 ). Of these, 50% had not been diagnosed previously. Only two persons (0.1 %) had primary angle-closure glaucoma and six persons (0.2%) had secondary glaucoma. The prevalence of glaucoma increased steadily with age from 0.1% at ages 40 to 49 years to 9.7% in persons aged 80 to 89 years. There was no relationship with gender. The authors examined 403 (90.2% response rate) nursing home residents. The age standardized rate for this component was 2.36% (95% confidence limits = 0, 4.88). Conclusion: The rate of glaucoma in Melbourne rises significantly with age. With only half of patients being diagnosed, glaucoma is a major eye health problem and will become increasingly important as the population ages.en_US
dc.publisherLippincott-Raven Publishersen_US
dc.subjectCentre for Eye Research Australiaen_US
dc.subjecteye researchen_US
dc.subjectvisual healthen_US
dc.titleThe prevalence of glaucoma in the Melbourne Visual Impairment Projecten_US
dc.typeJournal (Paginated)en_US
melbourne.peerreviewPeer Revieweden_US
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMedicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences: Centre for Eye Research Australiaen_US
melbourne.affiliation.departmentSchool of Medicine: Ophthalmologyen_US
melbourne.contributor.authorMcCarty, Catherine
melbourne.contributor.authorTaylor, Hugh
melbourne.accessrightsThis item is currently not available from this repository

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