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dc.contributor.authorLiou, Hwey-Lanen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcCarty, Catherine A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJin, Cara L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Hugh R.en_US
dc.identifier.citationLiou, H-L., McCarty, C. A., Jin, C. L., & Taylor, H. R. (1999). Prevalence and predictors of undercorrected refractive errors in the Victorian population. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 127(5), 590-596.en_US
dc.descriptionCopyright permission has been sought but has not been received. Therefore this material will remain restricted.en_US
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence and predictors of undercorrected refractive errors in the Victorian population. METHODS: In this prospective study, a population-based sample of residents was recruited. The improvement in visual acuity with subjective refraction was assessed. Several individual characteristics were investigated as predictors of undercorrected refractive error. RESULTS: There were 5,615 eligible residents, of which 4, 735 (84%) participated in the study (53% were women). In all, 466 participants (10%) had significant undercorrected refractive error leading to an improvement of 1 or more lines of visual acuity with refraction. Age was the most important predisposing factor. The risk of undercorrected refractive error increased by 1.8 times for every decade of life starting at 40 years of age. The next most important factor was the absence of distance refractive correction. These individuals were 6.8 times more at risk compared with those who wore distance spectacles. Other significant predictors of undercorrected refractive error were the presence of cataract and European or Middle Eastern languages spoken at home. People with tertiary education or hypermetropia were less likely to need refractive error improvement. Gender, country of birth, and employment status did not have any statistically significant effect after controlling for confounders. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study disclose people in the community who are more at risk of compromising their vision because of undercorrected refractive errors. A campaign is warranted to alert people that it may be possible to improve their vision.en_US
dc.subjectCentre for Eye Research Australiaen_US
dc.subjecteye researchen_US
dc.subjectvisual healthen_US
dc.titlePrevalence and predictors of undercorrected refractive errors in the Victorian populationen_US
dc.typeJournal (Paginated)en_US
melbourne.peerreviewPeer Revieweden_US
melbourne.affiliationThe University of Melbourneen_US
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMedicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences: Centre for Eye Research Australiaen_US
melbourne.affiliation.departmentSchool of Medicine: Ophthalmologyen_US
melbourne.source.titleAmerican Journal of Ophthalmologyen_US
melbourne.contributor.authorMcCarty, Catherine
melbourne.contributor.authorTaylor, Hugh
melbourne.accessrightsThis item is currently not available from this repository

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