The effect of children on women’s earnings: evidence from Australian data
University of Melbourne Author/sKrepp, Lisa
AffiliationEconomics and Commerce: Department of Economics
CitationsKrepp, Lisa (2007) The effect of children on women’s earnings: evidence from Australian data.
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This paper examines the effect of the presence of children on women’s hourlywages in Australia. A two-stage Heckman sample selection model is used to estimatean earnings function for women using the Household, Income and Labour Dynamicsin Australia (HILDA) survey for 2001-2004. The results show that the wage penaltyassociated with motherhood is smaller than indicated by many previous estimates,and can be entirely explained by differences in education, occupation and labourmarket experience.
KeywordsWomen - Employment - Australia; Discrimination in employment; wage inequality
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