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dc.contributor.authorFarmer, Roderick A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGruba, Paulen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-22T10:10:25Z
dc.date.available2014-05-22T10:10:25Z
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.date.submitted2004-06-02en_US
dc.identifier.citationFarmer, R. A., & Gruba, P. (2004). Critical realism: a philosophical foundation for research in integrative CALL. In, Proceedings, 11th International CALL Conference on CALL and Research Methodologies, University of Antwerp, Belgium.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/33787
dc.description.abstractUnderpinning each methological approach there lies a series of assumptions about the nature of reality that, in turn, ground and limit knowledge about what exists. The foundations of integrative CALL investigations—that is, research situated within networked environments and focused on social interaction—arguably run along the continuum between positivism and social constructivism. Neither of these two endpoints, however, provides a satisfactory ontological and epistemological basis for justifying and evaluating methodological choices. Critics argue that positivism promotes a naive view that knowledge directly corresponds with truth; as for social constructivism, critics find flaws in that such a view only sees truth as relative to a specific framing within a particular community of practice. Critical realism, however, provides a way to examine social phenomena using an objective ontology (that reality can exist independent of the researcher) and a subjective epistemology (that criteria for evaluation are not neutral). Critical realism addresses the flaws of classical realism and postmodernism approaches by engendering both positivistic and interpretivisit techniques. The aim of this paper is to introduce critical realism as a viable philosophy to underpin integrative CALL research. To achieve this aim, we first discuss two major failings of Social Constructivism and suggest how their significance in constructing a transdisciplinary framework within integrative CALL research. Subsequently, we elucidate the core principles of Critical Realism and discuss the application of these principles in resolving these posited weaknesses. By adopting a critical realist stance, we argue, CALL researchers can better recognize the interaction between structure and agency in analyses of computer usage within integrative pedagogies.en_US
dc.formatapplication/pdfen_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.subjectcritial realismen_US
dc.subjectphilosophyen_US
dc.subjectComputer-Assisted Language Learningen_US
dc.subjectCALLen_US
dc.subjecttransdisciplinaryen_US
dc.subjectsocial constructivismen_US
dc.titleCritical realism: a philosophical foundation for research in integrative CALLen_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US
melbourne.peerreviewPeer Revieweden_US
melbourne.affiliation.departmentArts: Horwood Language Centreen_US
melbourne.affiliation.departmentEngineering: Department of Computer Science and Software Engineeringen_US
melbourne.publication.statusPublisheden_US
melbourne.source.titleProceedings,11th International CALL Conference on CALL and Research Methodologiesen_US
melbourne.source.locationconferenceUniversity of Antwerp, Belgiumen_US
dc.description.sourcedateSeptember 5-7, 2004en_US
melbourne.elementsidNA
melbourne.contributor.authorFARMER, RODERICK ALEXANDER
melbourne.contributor.authorGruba, Paul
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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