Use of eye care services by people with diabetes: the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project
AuthorMcCarty, Catherine A.; Lloyd-Smith, Conrad W.; Lee, Sharon E.; Livingston, Patricia M.; Stanislavsky, Yury L.; Taylor, Hugh R.
Source TitleBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
AffiliationMedicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences: Centre for Eye Research Australia
School of Medicine: Ophthalmology
Document TypeJournal (Paginated)
CitationsMcCarty, C. A., Lloyd-Smith, C. W., Lee, S. E., Livingston, P. M., Stanislavsky, Y. L., & Taylor, H. R. (1998). Use of eye care services by people with diabetes: the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 82(4), 410-414.
Access StatusOpen Access
Published by BMJ Publishing Group in the British Journal of Ophthalmology, v.82, no.4, 1998. http://bjo.bmj.com/content/82/4/410.full
Aim - The use of eye care services by people with and without diabetes was investigated in the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project (VIP), a population based study of eye disease in a representative sample of Melbourne residents over 40 years of age and older.Methods - A comprehensive interview was employed to elicit information on history of diabetes, medication use, most recent visit to an ophthalmologist and optometrist, and basic demographic details. Presence and extent of diabetic retinopathy was determined by dilated fundus examination.Results - The Melbourne VIP comprised 3271 people who ranged in age from 40 to 98 years; 46.2% of them were male. Of 3189 people who had the fundus examination and knew their diabetes status, 162 (5.1%) reported having been previously diagnosed with diabetes and, of these, 37 (22.2%) were found to have diabetic retinopathy. Seven people (4.3%) had developed diabetes before age 30. The mean duration of diabetes was 9.2 years. People with diabetes were significantly more likely to have visited an ophthalmologist over or in the past 2 years than people without diabetes. However, 31.8% of people with diabetes had never visited an ophthalmologist. The proportion of people who had never seen an ophthalmologist was 47.1% for people without diabetes, 34.2% for people with diabetes but without diabetic retinopathy, and 25% for people with diabetic retinopathy. Sixty one per cent of people with diabetic retinopathy had seen an ophthalmologist in the past year and a further 3% within the past 2 years. People with diabetes were not significantly more likely to have visited an optometrist than people without diabetes (p=0.51). Overall, 37.7% of people with diabetes and 32.9% of people without diabetes had visited an optometrist within the past year (%2=2.25, 1 df, p=0.13). Information concerning retinal examinations was available for 135 individuals (83.3% of people with diabetes). Only 74 (54.8%) could recall ever having a dil
KeywordsCERA; ophthalmology; Centre for Eye Research Australia; eye research; vision; visual health
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