Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 478
Polyphenol-Mediated Assembly of Proteins for Engineering Functional Materials.
Functional materials composed of proteins have attracted much interest owing to the inherent and diverse functionality of proteins. However, establishing facile and general techniques for assembling proteins into nanomaterials is challenging owing to the complex physicochemical nature and potential denaturation of proteins. Here a simple, versatile strategy is introduced to fabricate functional protein assemblies through the interfacial assembly of proteins (>10 studied herein) and polyphenols (e.g., tannic acid) on various substrates (organic, inorganic, and biological). The dominant interactions (hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic and ionic interactions) between the proteins and tannic acid are elucidated-most proteins undergo multiple noncovalent-stabilizing interactions with polyphenols, which can be used to engineer responsiveness into the assemblies. As demonstrated, the proteins retain their structure and function within the assemblies, thereby enabling their use in various applications (e.g., catalysis, fluorescent imaging, and cell targeting).
Cobalt-Directed Assembly of Antibodies onto Metal-Phenolic Networks for Enhanced Particle Targeting.
The orientation-specific immobilization of antibodies onto nanoparticles, to preserve antibody-antigen recognition, is a key challenge in developing targeted nanomedicines. Herein, we report the targeting ability of metal-phenolic network (MPN)-coated gold nanoparticles with surface-physisorbed antibodies against respective antigens. The MPN coatings were self-assembled from metal ions (FeIII, CoII, CuII, NiII, or ZnII) cross-linked with tannic acid. Upon physisorption of antibodies, all particle systems exhibited enhanced association with target antigens, with CoII systems demonstrating more than 2-fold greater association. These systems contained more metal atoms distributed in a way to specifically interact with antibodies, which were investigated by molecular dynamics simulations. A model antibody fragment crystallizable (Fc) region in solution with CoII-tannic acid complexes revealed that the solvent-exposed CoII can directly coordinate to the histidine-rich portion of the Fc region. This one-pot interaction suggests anchoring of the antibody Fc region to the MPN on nanoparticles, allowing for enhanced targeting.
Energy evaluation of algal cell disruption by high pressure homogenisation
(ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2015-05-01)
The energy consumption of high pressure homogenisation (HPH) was analysed to determine the feasibility of rupturing algal cells for biodiesel production. Experimentally, the processing capacity (i.e. flow rate), power draw and cell disruption efficiency of HPH were independent of feed concentration (for Nannochloropsis sp. up to 25% w/w solids). Depending on the homogenisation pressure (60-150 MPa), the solids concentration (0.25-25% w/w), and triacylglyceride (TAG) content of the harvested algal biomass (10-30%), the energy consumed by HPH represented between 6% and 110-times the energy density of the resulting biodiesel. Provided the right species (weak cell wall and high TAG content) is selected and the biomass is processed at a sufficiently high solids concentration, HPH can consume a small fraction of the energy content of the biodiesel produced. This study demonstrates the feasibility of process-scale algal cell disruption by HPH based on its energy requirement.