Electrical and Electronic Engineering - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 938
A Review of Self-Coherent Optical Transceivers: Fundamental Issues, Recent Advances, and Research Directions
This paper reviews recent progress on different high-speed optical short- and medium-reach transmission systems. Furthermore, a comprehensive tutorial on high-performance, low-cost, and advanced optical transceiver (TRx) paradigms is presented. In this context, recent advances in high-performance digital signal processing algorithms and innovative optoelectronic components are extensively discussed. Moreover, based on the growing increase in the dynamic environment and the heterogeneous nature of different applications and services to be supported by the systems, we discuss the reconfigurable and sliceable TRxs that can be employed. The associated technical challenges of various system algorithms are reviewed, and we proffer viable solutions to address them.
Cooperative Localization Using Distance Measurements for Mobile Nodes
This paper considers the two-dimensional (2D) anchorless localization problem for sensor networks in global positioning system (GPS)-denied environments. We present an efficient method, based on the multidimensional scaling (MDS) algorithm, in order to estimate the positions of the nodes in the network using measurements of the inter-node distances. The proposed method takes advantage of the mobility of the nodes to address the location ambiguity problem, i.e., rotation and flip ambiguity, which arises in the anchorless MDS algorithm. Knowledge of the displacement of the moving node is used to produce an analytical solution for the noise-free case. Subsequently, a least squares estimator is presented for the noisy scenario and the associated closed-form solution derived. The simulations show that the proposed algorithm accurately and efficiently estimates the locations of nodes, outperforming alternative methods.
Toward Autonomous UAV Localization via Aerial Image Registration
Absolute localization of a flying UAV on its own in a global-navigation-satellite-system (GNSS)-denied environment is always a challenge. In this paper, we present a landmark-based approach where a UAV is automatically locked into the landmark scene shown in a georeferenced image via a feedback control loop, which is driven by the output of an aerial image registration. To pursue a real-time application, we design and implement a speeded-up-robust-features (SURF)-based image registration algorithm that focuses efficiency and robustness under a 2D geometric transformation. A linear UAV controller with signals of four degrees of freedom is derived from the estimated transformation matrix. The approach is validated in a virtual simulation environment, with experimental results demonstrating the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed UAV self-localization system.