Arts Collected Works - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 56
Decent Work's Association With Job Satisfaction, Work Engagement, and Withdrawal Intentions in Australian Working Adults
(SAGE Publications, 2020-05-11)
The present research is focused on the measurement properties of the Decent Work Scale (DWS) in Australia and adds to the cumulative evidence of the measure’s international utility for psychological research into the role of work in people’s lives. The study contributes new evidence via a survey of a sample of workers (N = 201) who completed the DWS and criterion measures of career-related factors including job satisfaction, work engagement, and withdrawal intentions. Correlated factors, higher order, and bifactor models were tested using confirmatory factor analysis. All models were satisfactory and the bifactor model evinced preferable fit. The DWS Values Congruence subscale predicted all criterion measures. Workers’ incomes and ratings of their occupations’ prestige had no main effects or interaction effect on the DWS subscales. Recommendations for future research include testing the DWS’s relations with measures of mental health which are known correlates of career-related outcomes.
La conversation, métaphore de l’approche narrative du counseling d’orientation
(Antipodes in Actualités Psychologiques Collection, 2020)
Metaphor is writ large in everyday life. In their landmark publication, Metaphors We Life By, Lakoff and Johnson (1980) argue that human cognition is constituted by language and is replete with metaphor. Indeed, thinking, speaking, gesturing, is structured by metaphorical concepts making communication near impossible without using metaphor. Metaphor abound in the language of career (Inkson, 2004). Counsellors and clients talk about bridges, ladders, cycles, stages, patterns, journeys, and stories to collaboratively make meaningful sense of the concept of career. It is impossible to create shared meaning in counselling without using metaphor to understand, deconstruct, and reconstruct ideas about career—without being on the same page, so to speak. If one accepts a radical social constructionist paradigm of personal identity as a derivation of discourse (Gergen, 1991; McAdams, 1993; Polkinghorne, 1988; Sarbin, 1986) and a dialogical theory of self (Hermans, 2006; Hermans & Gieser, 2012) and career (McIlveen & Patton, 2007) then it follows that dialogue between counsellor and client is both the process of meaning-making and substance of meaning (McIlveen, 2012, 2017). Thus, we articulate career counselling in the metaphorical frame of dialogue and conceptualise career counselling as conversations between counsellor and client. First, we overview the progenitor theory and practice of narrative career counselling which is extended to the conversation metaphor model. Second, we describe the centrality of the working alliance in career counselling, for it is in the client-counsellor relationship that dialogue and metaphor abound. Third, we introduce theory of metaphor that explicates conversation in and as counselling. Fourth, we present a method of narrative career counselling that exemplifies theoretical principles. Finally, we intend to critically arouse narrative career counselling and call for an explication of its philosophy and research into its effectiveness.
The sun is no fun without rain: Physical environments affect how we feel about yellow across 55 countries
Across cultures, people associate colours with emotions. Here, we test the hypothesis that one driver of this cross-modal correspondence is the physical environment we live in. We focus on a prime example – the association of yellow with joy, – which conceivably arises because yellow is reminiscent of life-sustaining sunshine and pleasant weather. If so, this association should be especially strong in countries where sunny weather is a rare occurrence. We analysed yellow-joy associations of 6625 participants from 55 countries to investigate how yellow-joy associations varied geographically, climatologically, and seasonally. We assessed the distance to the equator, sunshine, precipitation, and daytime hours. Consistent with our hypotheses, participants who live further away from the equator and in rainier countries are more likely to associate yellow with joy. We did not find associations with seasonal variations. Our findings support a role for the physical environment in shaping the affective meaning of colour.
The dimensional structure of metaphors of career and their relations to career agency, job search self-efficacy, and negative career outlook
(Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020)
We measured 16 career-related metaphors’ salience to university students and graduates (N = 577). The JOURNEY metaphor recorded the highest score (62%) with moderate levels for ENCOUNTERS AND RELATIONSHIPS, A STORY, and ROLES. Exploratory structural equation modelling revealed four factors labelled as Constraint (i.e. entrapped, struggling, or living within constraints), Personal Experience (i.e. humanistic, person-centred qualities), Complexity (i.e. complex, integrated parts of an unfolding whole), and Procedure (i.e. established protocols or systems of meaning making). This study demonstrates a framework for conceptualizing relations among career-related variables: career agency, job search self-efficacy, and negative career outlook.
Metaphor analysis in vocational counselling: moving from intuitive to reliable metaphor identification
(Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2020-05-18)
In this article we introduce a metaphor identification method that can be readily applied to vocational psychology research and practice, and contextualised to explore the phenomenon of career at a deeper level of experience. We demonstrate a practically-oriented Metaphor Identification Procedure Vrije Universiteit on an illustrative sample of student testimonials from higher education promotional videos from Australia and Norway. Metaphors as understood through conceptual metaphor theory have been shown to influence the attitudes and behaviours of the individual and organisation and orientate the mindset of their audiences. In this article we extend the scholarly work on career metaphors and offer a reliable method for investigating metaphor in language and communication.
In Situ Assessment of Intrinsic Strength of X-IOA-Type Halogen Bonds in Molecular Crystals with Periodic Local Vibrational Mode Theory
Periodic local vibrational modes were calculated with the rev-vdW-DF2 density functional to quantify the intrinsic strength of the X-I⋯OA-type halogen bonding (X = I or Cl; OA: carbonyl, ether and N-oxide groups) in 32 model systems originating from 20 molecular crystals. We found that the halogen bonding between the donor dihalogen X-I and the wide collection of acceptor molecules OA features considerable variations of the local stretching force constants (0.1-0.8 mdyn/Å) for I⋯O halogen bonds, demonstrating its powerful tunability in bond strength. Strong correlations between bond length and local stretching force constant were observed in crystals for both the donor X-I bonds and I⋯O halogen bonds, extending for the first time the generalized Badger's rule to crystals. It is demonstrated that the halogen atom X controlling the electrostatic attraction between the σ -hole on atom I and the acceptor atom O dominates the intrinsic strength of I⋯O halogen bonds. Different oxygen-containing acceptor molecules OA and even subtle changes induced by substituents can tweak the n → σ ∗ (X-I) charge transfer character, which is the second important factor determining the I⋯O bond strength. In addition, the presence of the second halogen bond with atom X of the donor X-I bond in crystals can substantially weaken the target I⋯O halogen bond. In summary, this study performing the in situ measurement of halogen bonding strength in crystalline structures demonstrates the vast potential of the periodic local vibrational mode theory for characterizing and understanding non-covalent interactions in materials.
Efficacy and safety of vertebroplasty for treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral fractures: a randomised controlled trial [ACTRN012605000079640]
(BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, 2008-11-25)
BACKGROUND: Vertebroplasty is a promising but as yet unproven treatment for painful osteoporotic vertebral fractures. It involves radiographic-guided injection of various types of bone cement directly into the vertebral fracture site. Uncontrolled studies and two controlled quasi-experimental before-after studies comparing volunteers who were offered treatment to those who refused it, have suggested an early benefit including rapid pain relief and improved function. Conversely, several uncontrolled studies and one of the controlled before-after studies have also suggested that vertebroplasty may increase the risk of subsequent vertebral fractures, particularly in vertebrae adjacent to treated levels or if cement leakage into the adjacent disc has occurred. As yet, there are no completed randomised controlled trials of vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral fractures. The aims of this participant and outcome assessor-blinded randomised placebo-controlled trial are to i) determine the short-term efficacy and safety (3 months) of vertebroplasty for alleviating pain and improving function for painful osteoporotic vertebral fractures; and ii) determine its medium to longer-term efficacy and safety, particularly the risk of further fracture over 2 years. DESIGN: A double-blind randomised controlled trial of 200 participants with one or two recent painful osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Participants will be stratified by duration of symptoms (< and >or= 6 weeks), gender and treating radiologist and randomly allocated to either the treatment or placebo. Outcomes will be assessed at baseline, 1 week, 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months. Outcome measures include overall, night and rest pain on 10 cm visual analogue scales, quality of life measured by the Assessment of Quality of Life, Osteoporosis Quality of Life and EQ-5D questionnaires; participant perceived recovery on a 7-point ordinal scale ranging from 'a great deal worse' to 'a great deal better'; disability measured by the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire; timed 'Up and Go' test; and adverse effects. The presence of new fractures will be assessed by radiographs of the thoracic and lumbar spine performed at 12 and 24 months. DISCUSSION: The results of this trial will be of major international importance and findings will be immediately translatable into clinical practice.
Plurilingual teachers and their experiences navigating the academy
(John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015-01-01)
<jats:p>Drawing on qualitative data collected from plurilingual teachers in the context of three research studies conducted at the University of Toronto between 2004 and 2015, this paper critically examines, through a dialogue between the three researchers, the experiences of plurilingual teacher candidates and graduate students in Education as they navigate the academy. A trioethnographic methodology is used, unpacking the underlying tensions of roles and positions held by each of the researchers in the Student Success Centre (SSC) which offers a range of support services and provides a space where plurilingual teacher learners can interact with plurilingual tutors during their academic journey which may include practica and internships. We relate our findings focussed on the SSC to the literature on diverse teachers in universities as well as writing centre research calling for significant changes in how to support plurilingual students in the academy in order to highlight lessons and strategies for equity.</jats:p>
Birds Without Borders
(Upwelling Festival, 2015-10-31)
The project is to create a large-‐scale puppetry event, based on the theme of migratory birds, for the Upwelling parade. The region around Portland is a destination for many migratory bird species because they rely largely on the Bonney Upwelling and the phytoplankton that feeds the marine food web. The message is local as well as global. Through these birds and their flyway, we are directly connected to other parts of the world. The process would be three-‐fold: one part educational, one part artistic, one part performance. The first part of the workshop would be a presentation and discussion about the journey of migratory birds across the globe, and the importance of the Glenelg area as a crucial point on that journey. The second part of the workshop would be puppet-‐making. These large-‐scale puppets would form the focal point of the parade. The last stage of the process, the performance aspect, would be to create a symbolic “flyway” in the town of Portland, mapping out the key points on the birds journey throughout the town, such as Siberia, Mongolia, Taiwan, South East Asia, Broome and the Portland area.
Falling Man – The Virtualization of the Violent Body
(Art Association of Australia and New Zealand, 2015-11-25)
Paul Virilio has noted the lowering of the horizon line in contemporary culture as the vision machine steps into the breach scouting the skies for suspicious vectors and surveying the Earth’s crust for glacial imperfections. At the same time our animal eyes turn away from the skies. We recoil at the violence of the heavens and bend our heads toward the safe glowing virtuality of the black mirror. As the millennium ticks over we are caught in an image loop defined by the vague outlines of the future. It was always a fabricated space, this technological promise, where the image of the body was defined by clean pale fabrics, glistening walls of chrome and pine amidst luminous trails of data. Always on the ground, always safe in the glass vestibule of progress. Our common shared reality is far different however, here the human form is rendered in a more vulnerable state of flux. On the mediated horizon line between the Earth and the atmosphere exists the figure of the falling man. The victim of our romance with vertiginous space and with our technological rush to colonize the air. This redrawing of the human form as an anonymous accomplice of the historical narrative is burnt into the infrastructure of the global network whose very survival is dependent on the repetition and repatriation of the image. This paper seeks to assess the virtualization of this networked body in violent repose – in flight, in space and in descent. Images such as Robert Drew’s photograph of the Falling Man on the morning of September 11 2001, of Commander Stone in Alfonso Cuarón’s Gravity and Warhol’s Death and Disaster series which, while fixated with death, also wears the markers of mankind’s doomed quest for verticality. It is indeed as Donna Haraway has observed, a cyborg of convergent renderings, but not as she intended. Rather it is a rerouting of the body in digital form into something that does in fact return to dust – bent and contorted by the bloody mess of machine intervention. The most despairing of images, weary with the weight of Virilio’s accident of technology, is almost imperceptible now behind a shroud of pixels. This magic trick, this cyber-friendly blurring of the machine’s interpretation of the body is now a familiar mode of visual discourse. A deliberate act of obscurification – to protect us, to shield us, to remind us of unspeakable things to push back against the glare of that ominous shimmer on the horizon.
Warhol Goes Social: Art in the Age of Social Media
Today, everyone is a "Creative." With the boom of visually-based social platforms like Instagram and Pinterest, technology has leveled the playing field. Does this really change how we define art and creativity? Artistic purists believe these tools cheapen the creative output with seventeen standard filters available to every untrained eye. But in true entrepreneurial spirit, those apps encourage a more democrative view of creativity, allowing user to share their inspiration with their friends and create beauty where it previously would have been impossible. Is there a difference between high-brow and low-brow art in relation to what social media enables everyone to create?