Arts Collected Works - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 63
Public Interest and Private Passion: Ken Inglis on the ABC
(Monash University Publishing, 2020)
Background • Broadcasting in Australia • A reflection on the central contribution of Ken Inglis through his two volumes on the ABC • To trace the origins of the project, interview the author, and reflect on the impact Research Contribution • A great historian such as Ken Inglis, showing patience and deep archival research, can produce an important and enduring history of a major public institution Significance • The chapter is part of a Festschrift for Professor Inglis, who kindly agreed to be interviewed as part of the writing. It was presented in his presence at a conference held at Monash University, and then revised and updated after his death in December 2017.
Analysis on the Composition/structure and Lacquering Techniques of the Coffin of Emperor Qianlong Excavated from the Eastern Imperial Tombs
(NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2017-08-24)
This article presents the results of an investigation on the coffin of Emperor Qianlong excavated from the Eastern Imperial Tombs of the Qing Dynasty in Zunhua, China. The composition, structure and lacquering techniques used in the manufacturing process were analyzed in this project. Stereoscopic Microscopy, SEM-EDS, XRD, FTIR, Raman, Double-shot Py-GC/MS were used as scientific analytical methods. The results show that the structure of the coffin body consists of a wooden body layer, a lacquer ash layer and a lacquer film pigment layer. The lacquer ash layer consists of nine stucco layers and ten fiber layers on top of each other in an alternating order. The lacquer film pigment layer consists of mineral pigments, lacquer sap, animal gelatin, drying oil, quartz sand and proteinaceous materials. Pigments used in the lacquer film include calcite white, carbon black, cinnabar red and gold. The presence of three distinctive catechols along with the other catechols' and phenols' profiles in the lacquer film matrix clearly indicate the species of the lacquer tree was Rhus. Vernicifera. Several distinctive lacquering techniques that improved the coffin body's stability and mechanical strength were identified in the investigation, including the "wan lacquering", "painting lacquer above the gold" and "Jin Jiao".
Less than 20/20 vision: reflections on the Reid Inquiry
(Griffith University, 2020)
Background • Field of public administration • A reflection on involvement in public sector reviews over nearly 40 years, emphasising how much circumstances typically change between commissioning and delivery Research Contribution • An argument about the nature of public service reviews, with the optimistic hope that good ideas, even if rejected by one government, will catch the attention of successors, and eventually be introduced Significance • The article was written on completion of Our Public Service Our Future, an 18 months review of the Australian Public Service submitted to Prime Minister Morrison in late 2019. It was written in anticipation of likely government reaction, but without knowing how the report would be received. As it turned out, the strike rate reflected earlier experiences - some recommendations were accepted but many key findings were rejected, particularly those relating to departmental head appointments, ministers, ministerial staff and the need for enhanced integrity mechanisms within Commonwealth public administration. Perhaps, following the logic of the argument, they will find favour with future administrations.
Hygienisation, Gentrification, and Urban Displacement in Brazil
This article engages recent debates over gentrification and urban displacement in the global South. While researchers increasingly suggest that gentrification is becoming widespread in “Southern” cities, others argue that such analyses overlook important differences in empirical context and privilege EuroAmerican theoretical frameworks. To respond to this debate, in this article, we outline the concept of higienização (hygienisation), arguing that it captures important contextual factors missed by gentrification. Hygienisation is a Brazilian term that describes a particular form of urban displacement, and is directly informed by legacies of colonialism, racial and class stigma, informality, and state violence. Our objective is to show how “Southern” concepts like hygienisation help urban researchers gain better insight into processes of urban displacement, while also responding to recent calls to decentre and provincialise urban theory.
An exploratory research on the role of family in youth's drug addiction.
(Informa UK Limited, 2014-01-01)
Most of the researches in Pakistan are concerned with the aetiological factors of drug addiction among the youth. However, few studies seek to explore the social aspects of this phenomenon. The present study aimed to explore the role of family, the influence of parental involvement, and communication styles in youth's drug addiction in a qualitative manner. Twenty drug addicts (age range 18-28 years) were taken as a sample from drug rehabilitation centres in Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. A structured interview guide was administered comprising questions related to the individual's habits, relationship with family and friends, and modes of communication within the family. Case profiles of the participants were also taken. The rehabilitation centres offered family therapy and the researcher, as a non-participant, observed these sessions as part of the analysis. The demographic information revealed that majority of the participants were poly-substance abusers (80%) and the significant reasons for starting drugs were the company of peers and curiosity. The thematic analysis revealed parental involvement and emotional expressiveness as two major components in family communication. It was found that parents were concerned about their children, but were not assertive in the implementation of family rules. It was also found that the major life decisions of the participants were taken by their parents, which is a characteristic of collectivist Pakistani society.
Of Honour and Innocence: Royal Correspondence and the Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots
(The University of Melbourne, 2019)
This article considers the diplomatic tension caused by the discovery of Mary Queen of Scots’ involvement in the Babington Plot and how it was negotiated in the correspondence of Queen Elizabeth of England and King James VI of Scotland. Rhetorical strategies of honour and innocence were utilised within these letters to create narratives that sought to balance the needs of both monarchs and their kingdoms. While the correspondence did not prevent the suspension of relations between the kingdoms following Mary’s execution, they did play a vital role in restoring it shortly before the coming of the Spanish Armada in 1588.
Decent Work's Association With Job Satisfaction, Work Engagement, and Withdrawal Intentions in Australian Working Adults
(SAGE Publications, 2020-05-11)
The present research is focused on the measurement properties of the Decent Work Scale (DWS) in Australia and adds to the cumulative evidence of the measure’s international utility for psychological research into the role of work in people’s lives. The study contributes new evidence via a survey of a sample of workers (N = 201) who completed the DWS and criterion measures of career-related factors including job satisfaction, work engagement, and withdrawal intentions. Correlated factors, higher order, and bifactor models were tested using confirmatory factor analysis. All models were satisfactory and the bifactor model evinced preferable fit. The DWS Values Congruence subscale predicted all criterion measures. Workers’ incomes and ratings of their occupations’ prestige had no main effects or interaction effect on the DWS subscales. Recommendations for future research include testing the DWS’s relations with measures of mental health which are known correlates of career-related outcomes.
La conversation, métaphore de l’approche narrative du counseling d’orientation
(Antipodes in Actualités Psychologiques Collection, 2020)
Metaphor is writ large in everyday life. In their landmark publication, Metaphors We Life By, Lakoff and Johnson (1980) argue that human cognition is constituted by language and is replete with metaphor. Indeed, thinking, speaking, gesturing, is structured by metaphorical concepts making communication near impossible without using metaphor. Metaphor abound in the language of career (Inkson, 2004). Counsellors and clients talk about bridges, ladders, cycles, stages, patterns, journeys, and stories to collaboratively make meaningful sense of the concept of career. It is impossible to create shared meaning in counselling without using metaphor to understand, deconstruct, and reconstruct ideas about career—without being on the same page, so to speak. If one accepts a radical social constructionist paradigm of personal identity as a derivation of discourse (Gergen, 1991; McAdams, 1993; Polkinghorne, 1988; Sarbin, 1986) and a dialogical theory of self (Hermans, 2006; Hermans & Gieser, 2012) and career (McIlveen & Patton, 2007) then it follows that dialogue between counsellor and client is both the process of meaning-making and substance of meaning (McIlveen, 2012, 2017). Thus, we articulate career counselling in the metaphorical frame of dialogue and conceptualise career counselling as conversations between counsellor and client. First, we overview the progenitor theory and practice of narrative career counselling which is extended to the conversation metaphor model. Second, we describe the centrality of the working alliance in career counselling, for it is in the client-counsellor relationship that dialogue and metaphor abound. Third, we introduce theory of metaphor that explicates conversation in and as counselling. Fourth, we present a method of narrative career counselling that exemplifies theoretical principles. Finally, we intend to critically arouse narrative career counselling and call for an explication of its philosophy and research into its effectiveness.
The sun is no fun without rain: Physical environments affect how we feel about yellow across 55 countries
Across cultures, people associate colours with emotions. Here, we test the hypothesis that one driver of this cross-modal correspondence is the physical environment we live in. We focus on a prime example – the association of yellow with joy, – which conceivably arises because yellow is reminiscent of life-sustaining sunshine and pleasant weather. If so, this association should be especially strong in countries where sunny weather is a rare occurrence. We analysed yellow-joy associations of 6625 participants from 55 countries to investigate how yellow-joy associations varied geographically, climatologically, and seasonally. We assessed the distance to the equator, sunshine, precipitation, and daytime hours. Consistent with our hypotheses, participants who live further away from the equator and in rainier countries are more likely to associate yellow with joy. We did not find associations with seasonal variations. Our findings support a role for the physical environment in shaping the affective meaning of colour.
The dimensional structure of metaphors of career and their relations to career agency, job search self-efficacy, and negative career outlook
(Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020)
We measured 16 career-related metaphors’ salience to university students and graduates (N = 577). The JOURNEY metaphor recorded the highest score (62%) with moderate levels for ENCOUNTERS AND RELATIONSHIPS, A STORY, and ROLES. Exploratory structural equation modelling revealed four factors labelled as Constraint (i.e. entrapped, struggling, or living within constraints), Personal Experience (i.e. humanistic, person-centred qualities), Complexity (i.e. complex, integrated parts of an unfolding whole), and Procedure (i.e. established protocols or systems of meaning making). This study demonstrates a framework for conceptualizing relations among career-related variables: career agency, job search self-efficacy, and negative career outlook.
Metaphor analysis in vocational counselling: moving from intuitive to reliable metaphor identification
(Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2020-05-18)
In this article we introduce a metaphor identification method that can be readily applied to vocational psychology research and practice, and contextualised to explore the phenomenon of career at a deeper level of experience. We demonstrate a practically-oriented Metaphor Identification Procedure Vrije Universiteit on an illustrative sample of student testimonials from higher education promotional videos from Australia and Norway. Metaphors as understood through conceptual metaphor theory have been shown to influence the attitudes and behaviours of the individual and organisation and orientate the mindset of their audiences. In this article we extend the scholarly work on career metaphors and offer a reliable method for investigating metaphor in language and communication.