School of Historical and Philosophical Studies - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 1375
Testing incentive-based drivers for importer compliance
This report provides an analysis of the field trials that took place on the peat and selected vegetable seeds for sowing import pathways. It describes: 1. field trial design and implementation, including implementation issues that arose during the trial and affected outcomes; 2. the qualitative analysis of two rounds of interviews with customs brokers and importers on both pathways, assessing implementation, behaviour change potential and compliance costs associated with inspection activities; 3. insights from interviews with DAWR biosecurity operations staff, which focused largely on information and communication issues; and 4. the quantitative analysis of departmental administrative data, focused around evidence of behaviour change by stakeholders.
'The Intellectual Boys are the Ones in a Mess': The Unregistered Doctors Association in Victoria, 1951-56
(AUSTRALIAN & NEW ZEALAND SOC HISTORY MEDICINE, 2015-01-01)
Australia accepted over 170,000 Displaced Persons (DPs) after World War II, the majority of whom were unskilled or semi-skilled workers. However, professionally qualifi ed DPs faced particularly challenging resettlement terms because their qualifi cations were often not recognised by local authorities. With the exception of Egon Kunz’s The Intruders: Refugee Doctors in Australia (1975), very little has been written about DPs with medical qualifi cations. Among these were individuals who mobilised to form the Unregistered Doctors Association (UDA) in Victoria—a cross-cultural migrant group that lobbied to liberalise state medical legislation in the early 1950s. The story of the UDA highlights the active role highly skilled migrants adopted in the complex renegotiation of their professional status in postwar Australia.
Revisiting Post-war British Medical Migration: A Case Study of Bristol Medical Graduates in Australia
(OXFORD UNIV PRESS, 2018-08-01)
Between 1954 and 1963, c. 4,000 British-trained doctors migrated to countries including Australia, Canada and the USA. Historians have positioned their motivations to migrate as either primarily ideological (opposition to 'socialised medicine') or economic (poor prospects within the NHS structure). Post-war British medical migrants are, however, understudied. This article adds to the growing body of literature on twentieth-century medical migration; it details the transnational lives of a group of Bristol doctors in Australia. Their medical lives are used as a case study to explore prospects in the NHS'particularly for GPS, contextualising these doctors' decision to migrate. It continues by tracing the subsequent careers of this Bristol group in Australia. In doing so, it highlights the role of medical networks in understanding motivations to migrate, and the early readjustment of medical migrants. It also reveals the integral role British doctors played in alleviating GP shortages in rural Australia.
Migrant medical women: a case study of British medical graduates in twentieth-century Australia
(Taylor and Francis, 2019-06-07)
The lives of medical women—with a few notable exceptions—remain marginal in the growing body of literature on the twentieth-century migration of medical practitioners. This article examines the professional experiences and outcomes of a group of women who trained as medical graduates in Britain and migrated to Australia—both temporarily, but often permanently. In exploring the professional lives of these women, this article extends histories of migrant women in Australia to include middle-class, professionally qualified British women. The collective biography of this group of women reveals the broader socio-medical contexts by which they were shaped, in which they participated, and helped shape.
"terris, vineis, olivetis …”: Wine and Oil Production After the Villas
(SAP Societa archeologica, 2020)
The production of wine and oil during post-villa occupation at a site deserves special attention as an indicator of continued exploitation of land, even if within a changed economic framework; continuity of diet and technical traditions; and a stable resident population. Scales of production can also give insights into secular and ecclesiastical demand for these products. This paper examines three case studies in Spain, France, and Italy.
Globalization, Capitalism, and Collapse in Prehistory and the Present
This paper, which is based on my professorial lecture, considersr the emergence of globalized connectivities in the Mediterranean during the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1700–1300 BCE) which was arguably the first age of globalization in human history. It was also one of the first ages of social acceleration characterized by a confluence of increasing technological and economic interdependency, yet fragile in its susceptibility to climate change, plagues, authoritarian city-states, and small empires ruled by kings claiming divinity or divine authority. Thus, the Late Bronze Age Mediterranean was also an economically fragile era with a high concentration of wealth distributed among supra-regional global elite plutocrats unified more by wealth and shared symbolism than by cultural tradition or ideology. That era was susceptible to populist resistance in the form of piratical activity and banditry. This paper explores the globalist and populist aspects, along with the effects of plagues and pandemics on the ancient Mediterranean and in current times. It is published in a collection of papers dedicated to my former teacher, Professor John Hospers.
The Maritime and Riverine Networks of the Eurotas River Valley in Lakonia
Lakonia is remembered in Homeric epic as the locale where Queen Helen was abducted to Troy, becoming the face that launched 1,000 ships. In Bronze Age reality (ca. 3000–1200 BCE), Lakonia was one of the earliest areas on the Greek mainland to be influenced by Minoan civilization, achieve social complexity, and progress toward Mycenaean statehood. We examine how these cultural developments were supported by Lakonia’s riverine topography. The perennial Eurotas River connected intervisible Bronze Age sites in the Spartan Plain with coastal port cities, thereby facilitating flows of ideas, people, and trade, particularly with Minoan Crete via the island of Kythera. We argue that Minoan interest in Lakonian raw materials resulted in the acquisition of finished prestige goods and specialized knowledge by Lakonian elites and contributed to emerging Lakonian social complexity. We conclude that Lakonia’s riverine landscape was an important factor in its early development toward Mycenaean statehood.
Magical Mystery Tour The Role of Islands in Connecting Ancient West and East
From an ecological standpoint, islands once held allure as imagined laboratories for the isolated study of social and cultural change. However, in The Corrupting Sea, Horden and Purcell have compellingly demonstrated that in reality islands were places of “strikingly enhanced interaction … central to the history of the Mediterranean.” Although their detailed meta-history focuses on the historic periods, much of what they discuss can be identified in prehistory. Our contribution focuses on the unique role that island-scapes play in shrinking maritime space among the disparate cultures of the Mediterranean, bringing ancient west and east together through cultural and economic entanglement. Through strong interaction, islands could promote security, but in isolation, they could be a source of danger. However, from Sicily to Cyprus, like the Magical Mystery Tour, islands had “everything you need,” because they were connected nodes in a globalized, unrestricted flow of people and goods, the ancient version of capital, where “satisfaction was guaranteed.”
Evaluation of a tertiary sustainability experiential learning program
Purpose: This paper aims to describe the development, promotion and evaluation of sustainability learning experience database (SLED), a university-curated database of sustainability experiences to augment formal student learning. Its purpose was to encourage students to participate in experiential learning, to facilitate students’ critical appraisal of programs ostensibly designed to create sustainability and to, thus, develop students’ sustainability self-efficacy and employability. Design/methodology/approach: In total, 55 sustainability experiences were curated and placed into the SLED database, which was promoted to students in nine subjects. Supporting materials designed to assist critical evaluation, reflection on experiences and to build student employability were also developed. A comprehensive mixed-methods evaluation of the program was conducted. Findings: The quantitative evaluation revealed some changes in environmental behaviors, depth of critical sustainability thinking and graduate attributes. The qualitative evaluation revealed that students see the value of a university-curated database of experiences and provided ideas for improvements to the database. It also revealed examples of higher-order learning facilitated by SLED. Research limitations/implications: Recruitment and attrition of research subjects, common challenges in pedagogical research, were experienced. “Opt-out” is one response to this but it comes with ethical challenges. Originality/value: This exploratory study demonstrates the potential of SLED to build students’ sustainability efficacy and suggests ways in which it and similar programs can be developed for improved student and sustainability outcomes. Namely, the use of an online platform closely associated with existing learning management systems, higher-level institutional stewardship, closer curriculum integration and close partnering with credentialing programs.