Asia Institute - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 342
Japan’s marital system reform: The fufubessei movement for individual rights
(The Asia-Pacific Journal, 2020)
This article spotlights a push for human rights amongst Japanese women and men supporting a marital law revision that will allow spouses to maintain their individual surnames. While proponents of the reform comprise a variety of genders, ages, marital status, value systems, and reasons for supporting the reform, they have all experienced, witnessed or contemplated inequity in society – experiences that have shaped their perspectives on the importance of the individual self and life choices, that have prompted their dissatisfaction with marriage laws, social practices, and norms. The fūfubessei movement, which has been considered as a gender-equality movement, should be viewed from the perspective that individuals have the right to make their own decisions about their lives, including their choice of surname.
Commemorating gendered violence two decades on: Chinese Indonesian women's voices in the diaspora
Two decades have passed since the May 1998 ‘Tragedy’. This event refers to the violence that swept across Indonesia, and particularly the capital Jakarta, in the lead-up to the fall of the authoritarian Suharto regime (1966–98). The violence included assaults on Chinese Indonesians, their businesses and property. Many women became victims of mass rapes and sexual assaults. As a consequence of the violence, a considerable number of Chinese Indonesians fled the country and resettled across the globe (Nonini 2006). ...
World Anthropology and its Institutional Challenges: A history of the transformative impact of democratic internationalization on the discipline of anthropology
(Lietuvos Istorijos Institutas (Lithuanian Institute of History), 2019)
Anthropology reveals a rich diversity of human cultures, while also highlighting our commonalities. The discipline is a distorted mirror of this unity in diversity, however, so long as anthropologists from only a few, privileged cultures dominate the process of global knowledge construction. The World Council of Anthropological Associations (WCAA) was founded to address this. The WCAA provides a global platform for democratic participation in the spirit of a new ‘world anthropologies’ paradigm, which recognises that our understanding of other cultures is perspectivistic, and hence, to be fully understood, every culture needs to be contemplated from the multiple perspectives of all ‘anthropologies’.
Governance and the Cycle of Violence in Papua: The Nduga Crisis
(The Asia-Pacific Journal – Japan Focus, 2019)
Indonesia’s last regional conflict remains intractable. We are reminded of this by demonstrations and mass detentions in 2018 around the 1 December anniversary of Papua’s ‘Independence’ Day and the killing a day later of at least 16 construction workers in the central highlands district of Nduga with the military operations that followed. These events will be discussed further in the paper after a brief outline of the conflict in Papua.
Systems of Sustainable Consumption and Production
(Belmont Forum, 2019)
With the global population projected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050, and in view of finite resource availability and resilience of the Earth system, current patterns of global development are not socially or environmentally sustainable. Solutions to address the underlying challenges are urgent and necessary, but to be effective they need to be accompanied by reductions in the total volume of consumption and production of goods and services. This determination is based on three compelling reasons. First, private consumption and its associated production are among the key drivers of greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions, especially among high-emitting industrialized economies. There is little evidence that decoupling of the economy from GHG emissions is occurring at anywhere near the scale and speed required. Second, investments in more sustainable infrastructure—including renewables—that are needed in coming decades will themselves require extensive amounts of energy, largely from fossil sources. This demand will expend a significant share of the global carbon budget established by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and codified in the Paris Agreement. Finally, improving the standard of living of the world’s poor will appropriate another major portion of the available allowance.
Global Hunger on the Rise: Development Professionals Perspectives
World hunger is likely to increase under the now inevitable conditions of catastrophic climate change. The best strategy to counteract this is to adapt, primarily by increasing crop diversity, supporting small sustainable farms, relocating agricultural production in a timely manner and working towards an international food security pact for mutual aid. Secondly, we need to mitigate climate change by reducing emissions from land-use changes, such as deforestation, while protecting prime agricultural land from encroaching urban development. Priorities should apply so that agricultural land is used to produce food for direct human consumption rather than for animal feed, and healthy nutritious food rather than industrial crops (oil/, sugar) that compromise human health.
Indonesia Facing Climate Change: Project Summary and Policy Brief
(Kompas Book Publishing / Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry, 2019)
A comprehensive guide book on Indonesia’s response to climate change has not been available until now. The idea of producing such a guidebook was born from the realisation that all governments need to develop a coordinated and holistic approach now, as well as build strong partnerships with civil society and private sector actors. With the support of the Minister for Environment and Forestry, the honourable Ms. Siti Nurbaya Bakar, an editorial team was established, and numerous teams of authors with outstanding and complementary expertise created to represent major government divisions, research centres, NGOs and businesses in Indonesia that are prominently involved in shaping the national response to climate change.
Indonesia Menghadapi Perubahan Iklim; Vol 3: Perubahan Iklim: Krisis Sosial-Ekologis Dan Keadilan Iklim (Indonesia Facing Climate Change; Vol 3: Climate Change: Socio-Ecological Crisis and Climate Justice
(Penerbit Buku Kompas/ Ministry of Environment and Forestry, 2019)
Tampak jelas bahwa perubahan iklim merupakan tantangan global paling besar, paling urgen, multi-dimensi dan kompleks sehingga menuntut perubahan sosial yang radikal dan sistemik untuk mengatasinya. Sepanjang sejarah manusia modern di bumi belum pernah ada risiko dan ancaman yang begitu besar terhadap eksistensi, keberlanjutan dan peradaban manusia di bumi seperti sekarang ini. Seluruh cara hidup, pola pikir, etika, sikap dan perilaku kita terhadap alam; tindakan ekonomi seharihari hingga model pembangunan ekonomi yang kita gunakan, dan bahkan konsep kita tentang kesehatan dan kemajuan, perlu diperiksa ulang dari akar sampai ujung daun. Apabila kita tidak melakukan transformasi besar-besaran, maka gaya hidup yang berorientasi pada konsumsi, mekanistik, dan perusakan lingkungan hidup (ecocidal) yang diadopsi manusia atas nama modernitas dan kemajuan akan menghancurkan bumi dan penghuninya dalam waktu yang tidak lama lagi.