Asia Institute - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 349
Beyond contradiction: The state and the market in contemporary Chinese water governance
State/market interactions in water governance have long been interpreted in terms of the contradiction between water as a commons and water as a commodity. Recent challenges to this dichotomisation claim that it cannot provide a useful lens through which to interpret the complexity of water resources and their management. This paper provides evidence from China to show that a dichotomous interpretation of state/market interactions has little power to explain the formulation and evolution of water governance regimes. Through an analysis of China's water policy development over the 1998–2018 period, the paper outlines how state control and marketisation are complementary rather than contradictory, collectively contributing to a governance regime that serves broader political and economic goals as much as water management ones. We argue that better understanding of the roles of state and market in water governance requires moving beyond an ‘either-or’ point of departure, and paying greater attention to the ‘both-and’ hybridisation increasingly observed in water management.
A State of Surveillance? Freedom of Expression under the Jokowi Presidency
(ISEAS Publishing, 2020)
Sex Differences in Misperceptions of Sexual Interest Can Be Explained by Sociosexual Orientation and Men Projecting Their Own Interest Onto Women
Palm oil, migrant workers, indigenous peoples and corporations: Responses of Malaysia’s Human Rights Commission
(Asia Institute, University of Melbourne, 2020)
Malaysia is the world’s second largest exporter of palm oil, a key component of many packaged foods and cosmetics. Malaysia’s economy is highly dependent on the palm oil industry, which is the country’s top agricultural export. In 2018, the broader agriculture sector contributed over 7% to the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), with nearly 40% of that coming from the palm oil industry.
「海外における日本人の労働搾取 : 豪州のワーキングホリデー制度とその課題」'The Labour Exploitations of Japanese Abroad: the Working Holiday Program in Australia and its Challenges' (in Japanese)
(The Japan Association for Advancement of ILO Activities, 2020-10)
This article examines the labour exploitation of Japanese working holiday makers (WHMs) in Australia. Australia is the most popular destination for Japanese WHMs for the last 30 years, and over 10,000 Japanese youths are working in Australia. While the working holiday (WH) can provide valuable 'global experience' for young people, the current system is operating as a labour exploitation system where the majority of Japanese WHMs receive below minimum wage. Au pairs are particularly in a vulnerable situation as they work in private homes and are thus isolated and invisible. Given the reports that youths from other countries are also facing similar situations in Australia and elsewhere, more interventions and engagement are needed at the global levels.
Shifting communication practices in Japanese courtrooms
(Asia Institute, University of Melbourne, 2020-06-09)
Japanese criminal trials have shifted towards a more adversarial orientation following major law reform implemented over the past 20 years. Lawyers have had to adapt to the new context of professional communication with lay judges, who sit with professional judges in some trials rather than taking the role of citizen juries. For the defence and prosecution, a need to ‘win the battle’ with convincing courtroom performance and communication strategies have posed challenges, while judges still have the power to take an investigative stance to pursue the truth. This article explores how the shift towards an adversarial orientation manifests itself in the courtroom, and discusses the dilemma over the need for courtroom performance focused on spoken language and the trust in written communication that traditionally dominated the criminal justice process.
Japan’s marital system reform: The fufubessei movement for individual rights
(The Asia-Pacific Journal, 2020)
This article spotlights a push for human rights amongst Japanese women and men supporting a marital law revision that will allow spouses to maintain their individual surnames. While proponents of the reform comprise a variety of genders, ages, marital status, value systems, and reasons for supporting the reform, they have all experienced, witnessed or contemplated inequity in society – experiences that have shaped their perspectives on the importance of the individual self and life choices, that have prompted their dissatisfaction with marriage laws, social practices, and norms. The fūfubessei movement, which has been considered as a gender-equality movement, should be viewed from the perspective that individuals have the right to make their own decisions about their lives, including their choice of surname.
Overseas Chinese, Chinese international students, and cross-border e-commerce
(China Social Science Press, 2020-05-31)
In recent years, cross-border e-commerce participated by overseas Chinese has developed rapidly, becoming sizable commercial activities of international scale. However, the current public discourse and academic literature on China-related cross-border e-commerce have remained at a very primitive level. Many existing analyses still simply believe that the rapid and massive growth of China-related cross-border e-commerce is because of the lack of confidence of Chinese consumers in Chinese products and the attraction of cheap made-in-China products to foreign consumers. Based on many new analyses and the study of Daigou activities engaged by Chinese Australians and Chinese international students in Australia, this article offers a new and in-depth analysis of the link between cross-border e-commerce and the Chinese overseas. This article argues that cross-border e-commerce activities engaged by Chinese Australians and Chinese international students are closely related the distribution of these people in different countries and the size of their communities. The second reason is because of China’s export-oriented economy and the inevitable consequences of cosmopolitan tendency that has become increasingly common among middle-class consumers. Based on the above analyses, this article also looks at the role of overseas Chinese and Chinese international students in cross-board e-commerce and their new characteristics, while offering an assessment of its possible development.
Commemorating gendered violence two decades on: Chinese Indonesian women's voices in the diaspora
Two decades have passed since the May 1998 ‘Tragedy’. This event refers to the violence that swept across Indonesia, and particularly the capital Jakarta, in the lead-up to the fall of the authoritarian Suharto regime (1966–98). The violence included assaults on Chinese Indonesians, their businesses and property. Many women became victims of mass rapes and sexual assaults. As a consequence of the violence, a considerable number of Chinese Indonesians fled the country and resettled across the globe (Nonini 2006). ...
World Anthropology and its Institutional Challenges: A history of the transformative impact of democratic internationalization on the discipline of anthropology
(Lietuvos Istorijos Institutas (Lithuanian Institute of History), 2019)
Anthropology reveals a rich diversity of human cultures, while also highlighting our commonalities. The discipline is a distorted mirror of this unity in diversity, however, so long as anthropologists from only a few, privileged cultures dominate the process of global knowledge construction. The World Council of Anthropological Associations (WCAA) was founded to address this. The WCAA provides a global platform for democratic participation in the spirit of a new ‘world anthropologies’ paradigm, which recognises that our understanding of other cultures is perspectivistic, and hence, to be fully understood, every culture needs to be contemplated from the multiple perspectives of all ‘anthropologies’.