An investigation of dentritic delay in octopus cells of the mammalian cochlear nucleus
AuthorSpencer, Martin J.; Grayden, David B.; Bruce, Ian C.; Meffin, Hamish; Burkitt, Anthony N.
Source TitleFRONTIERS IN COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE
PublisherFRONTIERS RES FOUND
AffiliationElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Document TypeJournal Article
Access StatusThis item is currently not available from this repository
NHMRC Grant codeNHMRC/567164
Octopus cells, located in the mammalian auditory brainstem, receive their excitatory synaptic input exclusively from auditory nerve fibers (ANFs). They respond with accurately timed spikes but are broadly tuned for sound frequency. Since the representation of information in the auditory nerve is well understood, it is possible to pose a number of question about the relationship between the intrinsic electrophysiology, dentritic morphology, synaptic connectivity, and the ultimate functional role of octopus cells in the brainstem. This study employed a multi-compartmental Hodgkin-Huxley model to determine whether dendritic delay in octopus cells improves synaptic input coincidence detection in octopus cells by compensating for the cochlear traveling wave delay. The propagation time of post-synaptic potentials from synapse to soma was investigated. We found that the total dendritic delay was approximately 0.275 ms. It was observed that low-threshold potassium channels in the dendrites reduce the amplitude dependence of the dendritic delay of post-synaptic potentials. As our hypothesis predicted, the model was most sensitive to acoustic onset events, such as the glottal pulses in speech when the synaptic inputs were arranged such that the models dendtritic delay compensated for the cochler travelling wave delay across the ANFs. The range of sound frequency input from ANFs was also investigated. The results suggested that input octopus cells is dominated by high frequency ANfs.
Keywordsauditory; cochlear nucleus; computational model; connectivity; octopus cells; auditory; cochlear nucleus; computational model; connectivity; octopus cells
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