Effects of deafness and cochlear implant use on temporal response characteristics in cat primary auditory cortex
AuthorFallon, JB; Shepherd, RK; Nayagam, DAX; Wise, AK; Heifer, LF; Landry, TG; Irvine, DRF
Source TitleHEARING RESEARCH
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
University of Melbourne Author/sFallon, James; Shepherd, Robert; Nayagam, David; Wise, Andrew; HEFFER, LEON; LANDRY, THOMAS
AffiliationMedical Bionics Department
Audiology and Speech Pathology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsFallon, JB; Shepherd, RK; Nayagam, DAX; Wise, AK; Heifer, LF; Landry, TG; Irvine, DRF, Effects of deafness and cochlear implant use on temporal response characteristics in cat primary auditory cortex, HEARING RESEARCH, 2014, 315 pp. 1 - 9
Access StatusOpen Access
NHMRC Grant codeNHMRC/1081478
We have previously shown that neonatal deafness of 7-13 months duration leads to loss of cochleotopy in the primary auditory cortex (AI) that can be reversed by cochlear implant use. Here we describe the effects of a similar duration of deafness and cochlear implant use on temporal processing. Specifically, we compared the temporal resolution of neurons in AI of young adult normal-hearing cats that were acutely deafened and implanted immediately prior to recording with that in three groups of neonatally deafened cats. One group of neonatally deafened cats received no chronic stimulation. The other two groups received up to 8 months of either low- or high-rate (50 or 500 pulses per second per electrode, respectively) stimulation from a clinical cochlear implant, initiated at 10 weeks of age. Deafness of 7-13 months duration had no effect on the duration of post-onset response suppression, latency, latency jitter, or the stimulus repetition rate at which units responded maximally (best repetition rate), but resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the ability of units to respond to every stimulus in a train (maximum following rate). None of the temporal response characteristics of the low-rate group differed from those in acutely deafened controls. In contrast, high-rate stimulation had diverse effects: it resulted in decreased suppression duration, longer latency and greater jitter relative to all other groups, and an increase in best repetition rate and cut-off rate relative to acutely deafened controls. The minimal effects of moderate-duration deafness on temporal processing in the present study are in contrast to its previously-reported pronounced effects on cochleotopy. Much longer periods of deafness have been reported to result in significant changes in temporal processing, in accord with the fact that duration of deafness is a major factor influencing outcome in human cochlear implantees.
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