Exploring the use of eLearning resources and preparedness of medical students transitioning to hospital internship
AffiliationMelbourne Graduate School of Education
Document TypeMasters Research thesis
Access StatusThis item is currently not available from this repository
© 2015 Marcel Anthony Joseph Mihulka
The increasing use of online technology in medical education and junior doctor training raises questions about the efficacy of this approach to improve the preparedness of medical students transitioning to internship. This study examined the use of eOrientation resources for hospital and ward orientation by medical students during transition from medical school to internship, with the aim of determining what attributes make an online resource useful and what effect an eOrientation program can have on preparedness for hospital practice. More specifically, the research questions focussed on how intern preparedness changed following implementation of eOrientation, which resources were most and least used, which were found to be most and least useful and what common themes could be found with respect to the type of resources interns found most useful. A mixed method case study approach was used to explore the use of eLearning resources and preparedness of medical students transitioning to internship. The Preparation for Hospital Practice questionnaire was administered to a cohort of 74 interns at a metropolitan teaching hospital before they had undertaken any form of hospital orientation. The questionnaire was then readministered at the conclusion of their second hospital unit rotation. Learning management system data was used to examine resource usage, supplemented by personal interviews to extract detail rich information regarding which resources were found most useful. The study found that interns initially felt well prepared for internship with a minor increase in preparedness over time. Resources which were interactive, role relevant and assisted in application of identity formation tasks were deemed most useful. eOrientation was found to be a useful supplement to the suite of teaching and learning methods used for transition to internship. Findings from the study suggest that the value of eOrientation can be further enhanced when resources are directed to interns, interactive and role relevant while also considering the temporality of a resource. Resources made by or with input from interns were also found to be particularly useful, leading to a recommendation of utilising instructional designers in medical education teams in order to assist in managing stakeholder input, assess content suitability across the transition curriculum and design interactive resources. eOrientation can be an effective teaching and learning method if a considered and holistic approach to transitional curriculum development is adopted.
Keywordsmedical education; online learning; eLearning; e-learning; transition; internship; junior doctors; orientation; hopsital
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