Technology-driven layer-by-layer assembly of nanofilms
AuthorRichardson, JJ; Bjoernmalm, M; Caruso, F
PublisherAMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
University of Melbourne Author/sCaruso, Francesco; Richardson, Joseph; Bjornmalm, Axel Mattias Hekansson
AffiliationChemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsRichardson, JJ; Bjoernmalm, M; Caruso, F, Technology-driven layer-by-layer assembly of nanofilms, SCIENCE, 2015, 348 (6233)
Access StatusOpen Access
Multilayer thin films have garnered intense scientific interest due to their potential application in diverse fields such as catalysis, optics, energy, membranes, and biomedicine. Here we review the current technologies for multilayer thin-film deposition using layer-by-layer assembly, and we discuss the different properties and applications arising from the technologies. We highlight five distinct routes of assembly—immersive, spin, spray, electromagnetic, and fluidic assembly—each of which offers material and processing advantages for assembling layer-by-layer films. Each technology encompasses numerous innovations for automating and improving layering, which is important for research and industrial applications. Furthermore, we discuss how judicious choice of the assembly technology enables the engineering of thin films with tailor-made physicochemical properties, such as distinct-layer stratification, controlled roughness, and highly ordered packing.
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